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Mezzio

Installation

If you use Codeception installed using composer, install this module with the following command:

composer require --dev codeception/module-mezzio

Alternatively, you can enable Mezzio module in suite configuration file and run

codecept init upgrade4

This module was bundled with Codeception 2 and 3, but since version 4 it is necessary to install it separately.
Some modules are bundled with PHAR files.
Warning. Using PHAR file and composer in the same project can cause unexpected errors.

Description

This module allows you to run tests inside Mezzio.

Uses config/container.php file by default.

Status

  • Maintainer: Naktibalda
  • Stability: alpha

Config

  • container - (default: config/container.php) relative path to file which returns Container
  • recreateApplicationBetweenTests - (default: false) whether to recreate the whole application before each test
  • recreateApplicationBetweenRequests - (default: false) whether to recreate the whole application before each request

Public properties

  • application - instance of \Mezzio\Application
  • container - instance of \Interop\Container\ContainerInterface
  • client - BrowserKit client

Actions

_findElements

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

  • api
  • param mixed $locator
  • return iterable

Locates element using available Codeception locator types:

  • XPath
  • CSS
  • Strict Locator

Use it in Helpers or GroupObject or Extension classes:

<?php
$els = $this->getModule('Mezzio')->_findElements('.items');
$els = $this->getModule('Mezzio')->_findElements(['name' => 'username']);

$editLinks = $this->getModule('Mezzio')->_findElements(['link' => 'Edit']);
// now you can iterate over $editLinks and check that all them have valid hrefs

WebDriver module returns Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\RemoteWebElement instances PhpBrowser and Framework modules return Symfony\Component\DomCrawler\Crawler instances

_getResponseContent

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

  • api
  • throws ModuleException
  • return string

Returns content of the last response Use it in Helpers when you want to retrieve response of request performed by another module.

<?php
// in Helper class
public function seeResponseContains($text)
{
   $this->assertStringContainsString($text, $this->getModule('Mezzio')->_getResponseContent(), "response contains");
}

_loadPage

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

  • api
  • param string $method
  • param string $uri
  • param array $parameters
  • param array $files
  • param array $server
  • param ?string $content
  • return void

Opens a page with arbitrary request parameters.

Useful for testing multi-step forms on a specific step.

<?php
// in Helper class
public function openCheckoutFormStep2($orderId) {
    $this->getModule('Mezzio')->_loadPage('POST', '/checkout/step2', ['order' => $orderId]);
}

_request

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

  • api
  • see _loadPage
  • param string $method
  • param string $uri
  • param array $parameters
  • param array $files
  • param array $server
  • param ?string $content
  • throws ExternalUrlException|ModuleException
  • return ?string

Send custom request to a backend using method, uri, parameters, etc.

Use it in Helpers to create special request actions, like accessing API Returns a string with response body.

<?php
// in Helper class
public function createUserByApi($name) {
    $userData = $this->getModule('Mezzio')->_request('POST', '/api/v1/users', ['name' => $name]);
    $user = json_decode($userData);
    return $user->id;
}

Does not load the response into the module so you can’t interact with response page (click, fill forms). To load arbitrary page for interaction, use _loadPage method.

_savePageSource

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

  • api
  • param string $filename
  • return void

Saves page source of to a file

$this->getModule('Mezzio')->_savePageSource(codecept_output_dir().'page.html');

amHttpAuthenticated

  • param string $username
  • param string $password
  • return void

Authenticates user for HTTP_AUTH

amOnPage

  • param string $page
  • return void

Opens the page for the given relative URI.

<?php
// opens front page
$I->amOnPage('/');
// opens /register page
$I->amOnPage('/register');

attachFile

  • param $field
  • param string $filename
  • return void

Attaches a file relative to the Codeception _data directory to the given file upload field.

<?php
// file is stored in 'tests/_data/prices.xls'
$I->attachFile('input[@type="file"]', 'prices.xls');

checkOption

  • param $option
  • return void

Ticks a checkbox. For radio buttons, use the selectOption method instead.

<?php
$I->checkOption('#agree');

click

  • param string|array $link
  • param $context
  • return void

Perform a click on a link or a button, given by a locator.

If a fuzzy locator is given, the page will be searched for a button, link, or image matching the locator string. For buttons, the “value” attribute, “name” attribute, and inner text are searched. For links, the link text is searched. For images, the “alt” attribute and inner text of any parent links are searched.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

Note that if the locator matches a button of type submit, the form will be submitted.

<?php
// simple link
$I->click('Logout');
// button of form
$I->click('Submit');
// CSS button
$I->click('#form input[type=submit]');
// XPath
$I->click('//form/*[@type="submit"]');
// link in context
$I->click('Logout', '#nav');
// using strict locator
$I->click(['link' => 'Login']);

deleteHeader

  • param string $name the name of the header to delete.
  • return void

Deletes the header with the passed name. Subsequent requests will not have the deleted header in its request.

Example:

<?php
$I->haveHttpHeader('X-Requested-With', 'Codeception');
$I->amOnPage('test-headers.php');
// ...
$I->deleteHeader('X-Requested-With');
$I->amOnPage('some-other-page.php');

dontSee

  • param string $text
  • param array|string $selector optional
  • return void

Checks that the current page doesn’t contain the text specified (case insensitive).

Give a locator as the second parameter to match a specific region.

<?php
$I->dontSee('Login');                         // I can suppose user is already logged in
$I->dontSee('Sign Up','h1');                  // I can suppose it's not a signup page
$I->dontSee('Sign Up','//body/h1');           // with XPath
$I->dontSee('Sign Up', ['css' => 'body h1']); // with strict CSS locator

Note that the search is done after stripping all HTML tags from the body, so $I->dontSee('strong') will fail on strings like:

  • <p>I am Stronger than thou</p>
  • <script>document.createElement('strong');</script>

But will ignore strings like:

  • <strong>Home</strong>
  • <div class="strong">Home</strong>
  • <!-- strong -->

For checking the raw source code, use seeInSource().

dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked

  • param $checkbox
  • return void

Check that the specified checkbox is unchecked.

<?php
$I->dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user didn't agree to terms
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'); // I suppose user didn't check the first checkbox in form.

dontSeeCookie

  • param $cookie
  • param $params
  • return mixed|void

Checks that there isn’t a cookie with the given name.

You can set additional cookie params like domain, path as array passed in last argument.

dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals

  • param string $uri
  • return void

Checks that the current URL doesn’t equal the given string.

Unlike dontSeeInCurrentUrl, this only matches the full URL.

<?php
// current url is not root
$I->dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals('/');

dontSeeCurrentUrlMatches

  • param string $uri
  • return void

Checks that current url doesn’t match the given regular expression.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->dontSeeCurrentUrlMatches('~^/users/(\d+)~');

dontSeeElement

  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes
  • return void

Checks that the given element is invisible or not present on the page.

You can also specify expected attributes of this element.

<?php
$I->dontSeeElement('.error');
$I->dontSeeElement('//form/input[1]');
$I->dontSeeElement('input', ['name' => 'login']);
$I->dontSeeElement('input', ['value' => '123456']);

dontSeeInCurrentUrl

  • param string $uri
  • return void

Checks that the current URI doesn’t contain the given string.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInCurrentUrl('/users/');

dontSeeInField

  • param string|array $field
  • param $value
  • return void

Checks that an input field or textarea doesn’t contain the given value.

For fuzzy locators, the field is matched by label text, CSS and XPath.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInField('Body','Type your comment here');
$I->dontSeeInField('form textarea[name=body]','Type your comment here');
$I->dontSeeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
$I->dontSeeInField('#searchform input','Search');
$I->dontSeeInField('//form/*[@name=search]','Search');
$I->dontSeeInField(['name' => 'search'], 'Search');

dontSeeInFormFields

  • param $formSelector
  • param array $params
  • return void

Checks if the array of form parameters (name => value) are not set on the form matched with the passed selector.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('form[name=myform]', [
     'input1' => 'non-existent value',
     'input2' => 'other non-existent value',
]);

To check that an element hasn’t been assigned any one of many values, an array can be passed as the value:

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('.form-class', [
     'fieldName' => [
         'This value shouldn\'t be set',
         'And this value shouldn\'t be set',
     ],
]);

Additionally, checkbox values can be checked with a boolean.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('#form-id', [
     'checkbox1' => true,        // fails if checked
     'checkbox2' => false,       // fails if unchecked
]);

dontSeeInSource

  • param string $raw
  • return void

Checks that the current page contains the given string in its raw source code.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInSource('<h1>Green eggs &amp; ham</h1>');

dontSeeInTitle

  • param $title
  • return mixed|void

Checks that the page title does not contain the given string.

  • param string $text
  • param string $url
  • return void

Checks that the page doesn’t contain a link with the given string.

If the second parameter is given, only links with a matching “href” attribute will be checked.

<?php
$I->dontSeeLink('Logout'); // I suppose user is not logged in
$I->dontSeeLink('Checkout now', '/store/cart.php');

dontSeeOptionIsSelected

  • param $selector
  • param $optionText
  • return mixed|void

Checks that the given option is not selected.

<?php
$I->dontSeeOptionIsSelected('#form input[name=payment]', 'Visa');

dontSeeResponseCodeIs

  • param int $code
  • return void

Checks that response code is equal to value provided.

<?php
$I->dontSeeResponseCodeIs(200);

// recommended \Codeception\Util\HttpCode
$I->dontSeeResponseCodeIs(\Codeception\Util\HttpCode::OK);

fillField

  • param $field
  • param $value
  • return void

Fills a text field or textarea with the given string.

<?php
$I->fillField("//input[@type='text']", "Hello World!");
$I->fillField(['name' => 'email'], '[email protected]');

followRedirect

  • return void

Follow pending redirect if there is one.

<?php
$I->followRedirect();

grabAttributeFrom

  • param $cssOrXpath
  • param string $attribute
  • return mixed

Grabs the value of the given attribute value from the given element.

Fails if element is not found.

<?php
$I->grabAttributeFrom('#tooltip', 'title');

grabCookie

  • param string $cookie
  • param array $params
  • return mixed

Grabs a cookie value.

You can set additional cookie params like domain, path in array passed as last argument. If the cookie is set by an ajax request (XMLHttpRequest), there might be some delay caused by the browser, so try $I->wait(0.1).

grabFromCurrentUrl

  • param ?string $uri
  • return mixed

Executes the given regular expression against the current URI and returns the first capturing group.

If no parameters are provided, the full URI is returned.

<?php
$user_id = $I->grabFromCurrentUrl('~^/user/(\d+)/~');
$uri = $I->grabFromCurrentUrl();

grabMultiple

  • param $cssOrXpath
  • param ?string $attribute
  • return string[]

Grabs either the text content, or attribute values, of nodes matched by $cssOrXpath and returns them as an array.

<a href="#first">First</a>
<a href="#second">Second</a>
<a href="#third">Third</a>
<?php
// would return ['First', 'Second', 'Third']
$aLinkText = $I->grabMultiple('a');

// would return ['#first', '#second', '#third']
$aLinks = $I->grabMultiple('a', 'href');

grabPageSource

  • throws ModuleException if no page was opened.
  • return string Current page source code.

Grabs current page source code.

grabTextFrom

  • param $cssOrXPathOrRegex
  • return mixed

Finds and returns the text contents of the given element.

If a fuzzy locator is used, the element is found using CSS, XPath, and by matching the full page source by regular expression.

<?php
$heading = $I->grabTextFrom('h1');
$heading = $I->grabTextFrom('descendant-or-self::h1');
$value = $I->grabTextFrom('~<input value=(.*?)]~sgi'); // match with a regex

grabValueFrom

  • param $field
  • return mixed

Finds the value for the given form field.

If a fuzzy locator is used, the field is found by field name, CSS, and XPath.

<?php
$name = $I->grabValueFrom('Name');
$name = $I->grabValueFrom('input[name=username]');
$name = $I->grabValueFrom('descendant-or-self::form/descendant::input[@name = 'username']');
$name = $I->grabValueFrom(['name' => 'username']);

haveHttpHeader

  • param string $name the name of the request header
  • param string $value the value to set it to for subsequent requests
  • return void

Sets the HTTP header to the passed value - which is used on subsequent HTTP requests through PhpBrowser.

Example:

<?php
$I->haveHttpHeader('X-Requested-With', 'Codeception');
$I->amOnPage('test-headers.php');

To use special chars in Header Key use HTML Character Entities: Example: Header with underscore - ‘Client_Id’ should be represented as - ‘Client_Id’ or ‘Client_Id’

<?php
$I->haveHttpHeader('Client&#95;Id', 'Codeception');

haveServerParameter

  • param string $name
  • param string $value
  • return void

Sets SERVER parameter valid for all next requests.

$I->haveServerParameter('name', 'value');

makeHtmlSnapshot

  • param ?string $name
  • return void

Use this method within an interactive pause to save the HTML source code of the current page.

<?php
$I->makeHtmlSnapshot('edit_page');
// saved to: tests/_output/debug/edit_page.html
$I->makeHtmlSnapshot();
// saved to: tests/_output/debug/2017-05-26_14-24-11_4b3403665fea6.html

moveBack

  • param int $numberOfSteps (default value 1)
  • return void

Moves back in history.

resetCookie

  • param $cookie
  • param $params
  • return mixed|void

Unsets cookie with the given name.

You can set additional cookie params like domain, path in array passed as last argument.

see

  • param string $text
  • param array|string $selector optional
  • return void

Checks that the current page contains the given string (case insensitive).

You can specify a specific HTML element (via CSS or XPath) as the second parameter to only search within that element.

<?php
$I->see('Logout');                        // I can suppose user is logged in
$I->see('Sign Up', 'h1');                 // I can suppose it's a signup page
$I->see('Sign Up', '//body/h1');          // with XPath
$I->see('Sign Up', ['css' => 'body h1']); // with strict CSS locator

Note that the search is done after stripping all HTML tags from the body, so $I->see('strong') will return true for strings like:

  • <p>I am Stronger than thou</p>
  • <script>document.createElement('strong');</script>

But will not be true for strings like:

  • <strong>Home</strong>
  • <div class="strong">Home</strong>
  • <!-- strong -->

For checking the raw source code, use seeInSource().

seeCheckboxIsChecked

  • param $checkbox
  • return void

Checks that the specified checkbox is checked.

<?php
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user agreed to terms
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'); // I suppose user agreed to terms, If there is only one checkbox in form.
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('//form/input[@type=checkbox and @name=agree]');

seeCookie

  • param $cookie
  • param $params
  • return mixed|void

Checks that a cookie with the given name is set.

You can set additional cookie params like domain, path as array passed in last argument.

<?php
$I->seeCookie('PHPSESSID');

seeCurrentUrlEquals

  • param string $uri
  • return void

Checks that the current URL is equal to the given string.

Unlike seeInCurrentUrl, this only matches the full URL.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->seeCurrentUrlEquals('/');

seeCurrentUrlMatches

  • param string $uri
  • return void

Checks that the current URL matches the given regular expression.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->seeCurrentUrlMatches('~^/users/(\d+)~');

seeElement

  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes
  • return void

Checks that the given element exists on the page and is visible.

You can also specify expected attributes of this element.

<?php
$I->seeElement('.error');
$I->seeElement('//form/input[1]');
$I->seeElement('input', ['name' => 'login']);
$I->seeElement('input', ['value' => '123456']);

// strict locator in first arg, attributes in second
$I->seeElement(['css' => 'form input'], ['name' => 'login']);

seeInCurrentUrl

  • param string $uri
  • return void

Checks that current URI contains the given string.

<?php
// to match: /home/dashboard
$I->seeInCurrentUrl('home');
// to match: /users/1
$I->seeInCurrentUrl('/users/');

seeInField

  • param string|array $field
  • param $value
  • return void

Checks that the given input field or textarea equals (i.e. not just contains) the given value.

Fields are matched by label text, the “name” attribute, CSS, or XPath.

<?php
$I->seeInField('Body','Type your comment here');
$I->seeInField('form textarea[name=body]','Type your comment here');
$I->seeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
$I->seeInField('#searchform input','Search');
$I->seeInField('//form/*[@name=search]','Search');
$I->seeInField(['name' => 'search'], 'Search');

seeInFormFields

  • param $formSelector
  • param array $params
  • return void

Checks if the array of form parameters (name => value) are set on the form matched with the passed selector.

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('form[name=myform]', [
     'input1' => 'value',
     'input2' => 'other value',
]);

For multi-select elements, or to check values of multiple elements with the same name, an array may be passed:

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('.form-class', [
     'multiselect' => [
         'value1',
         'value2',
     ],
     'checkbox[]' => [
         'a checked value',
         'another checked value',
     ],
]);

Additionally, checkbox values can be checked with a boolean.

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('#form-id', [
     'checkbox1' => true,        // passes if checked
     'checkbox2' => false,       // passes if unchecked
]);

Pair this with submitForm for quick testing magic.

<?php
$form = [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'field2' => 'another value',
     'checkbox1' => true,
     // ...
];
$I->submitForm('//form[@id=my-form]', string $form, 'submitButton');
// $I->amOnPage('/path/to/form-page') may be needed
$I->seeInFormFields('//form[@id=my-form]', string $form);

seeInSource

  • param string $raw
  • return void

Checks that the current page contains the given string in its raw source code.

<?php
$I->seeInSource('<h1>Green eggs &amp; ham</h1>');

seeInTitle

  • param $title
  • return mixed|void

Checks that the page title contains the given string.

<?php
$I->seeInTitle('Blog - Post #1');
  • param string $text
  • param ?string $url
  • return void

Checks that there’s a link with the specified text.

Give a full URL as the second parameter to match links with that exact URL.

<?php
$I->seeLink('Logout'); // matches <a href="#">Logout</a>
$I->seeLink('Logout','/logout'); // matches <a href="/logout">Logout</a>

seeNumberOfElements

  • param $selector
  • param int|int[] $expected
  • return void

Checks that there are a certain number of elements matched by the given locator on the page.

<?php
$I->seeNumberOfElements('tr', 10);
$I->seeNumberOfElements('tr', [0,10]); // between 0 and 10 elements

seeOptionIsSelected

  • param $selector
  • param $optionText
  • return mixed|void

Checks that the given option is selected.

<?php
$I->seeOptionIsSelected('#form input[name=payment]', 'Visa');

seePageNotFound

  • return void

Asserts that current page has 404 response status code.

seeResponseCodeIs

  • param int $code
  • return void

Checks that response code is equal to value provided.

<?php
$I->seeResponseCodeIs(200);

// recommended \Codeception\Util\HttpCode
$I->seeResponseCodeIs(\Codeception\Util\HttpCode::OK);

seeResponseCodeIsBetween

  • param int $from
  • param int $to
  • return void

Checks that response code is between a certain range. Between actually means [from <= CODE <= to]

seeResponseCodeIsClientError

  • return void

Checks that the response code is 4xx

seeResponseCodeIsRedirection

  • return void

Checks that the response code 3xx

seeResponseCodeIsServerError

  • return void

Checks that the response code is 5xx

seeResponseCodeIsSuccessful

  • return void

Checks that the response code 2xx

selectOption

  • param $select
  • param $option
  • return void

Selects an option in a select tag or in radio button group.

<?php
$I->selectOption('form select[name=account]', 'Premium');
$I->selectOption('form input[name=payment]', 'Monthly');
$I->selectOption('//form/select[@name=account]', 'Monthly');

Provide an array for the second argument to select multiple options:

<?php
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('Windows','Linux'));

Or provide an associative array for the second argument to specifically define which selection method should be used:

<?php
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('text' => 'Windows')); // Only search by text 'Windows'
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('value' => 'windows')); // Only search by value 'windows'

sendAjaxGetRequest

  • param string $uri
  • param array $params
  • return void

Sends an ajax GET request with the passed parameters.

See sendAjaxPostRequest()

sendAjaxPostRequest

  • param string $uri
  • param array $params
  • return void

Sends an ajax POST request with the passed parameters.

The appropriate HTTP header is added automatically: X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest Example:

<?php
$I->sendAjaxPostRequest('/add-task', ['task' => 'lorem ipsum']);

Some frameworks (e.g. Symfony) create field names in the form of an “array”: <input type="text" name="form[task]"> In this case you need to pass the fields like this:

<?php
$I->sendAjaxPostRequest('/add-task', ['form' => [
    'task' => 'lorem ipsum',
    'category' => 'miscellaneous',
]]);

sendAjaxRequest

  • param string $method
  • param string $uri
  • param array $params
  • return void

Sends an ajax request, using the passed HTTP method.

See sendAjaxPostRequest() Example:

<?php
$I->sendAjaxRequest('PUT', '/posts/7', ['title' => 'new title']);

setCookie

  • param $name
  • param $val
  • param $params
  • return mixed|void

Sets a cookie with the given name and value.

You can set additional cookie params like domain, path, expires, secure in array passed as last argument.

<?php
$I->setCookie('PHPSESSID', 'el4ukv0kqbvoirg7nkp4dncpk3');

setMaxRedirects

  • param int $maxRedirects
  • return void

Sets the maximum number of redirects that the Client can follow.

<?php
$I->setMaxRedirects(2);

setServerParameters

  • param array $params
  • return void

Sets SERVER parameters valid for all next requests.

this will remove old ones.

$I->setServerParameters([]);

startFollowingRedirects

  • return void

Enables automatic redirects to be followed by the client.

<?php
$I->startFollowingRedirects();

stopFollowingRedirects

  • return void

Prevents automatic redirects to be followed by the client.

<?php
$I->stopFollowingRedirects();

submitForm

  • param $selector
  • param array $params
  • param ?string $button
  • return void

Submits the given form on the page, with the given form values. Pass the form field’s values as an array in the second parameter.

Although this function can be used as a short-hand version of fillField(), selectOption(), click() etc. it has some important differences:

  • Only field names may be used, not CSS/XPath selectors nor field labels
  • If a field is sent to this function that does not exist on the page, it will silently be added to the HTTP request. This is helpful for testing some types of forms, but be aware that you will not get an exception like you would if you called fillField() or selectOption() with a missing field.

Fields that are not provided will be filled by their values from the page, or from any previous calls to fillField(), selectOption() etc. You don’t need to click the ‘Submit’ button afterwards. This command itself triggers the request to form’s action.

You can optionally specify which button’s value to include in the request with the last parameter (as an alternative to explicitly setting its value in the second parameter), as button values are not otherwise included in the request.

Examples:

<?php
$I->submitForm('#login', [
    'login' => 'davert',
    'password' => '123456'
]);
// or
$I->submitForm('#login', [
    'login' => 'davert',
    'password' => '123456'
], 'submitButtonName');

For example, given this sample “Sign Up” form:

<form id="userForm">
    Login:
    <input type="text" name="user[login]" /><br/>
    Password:
    <input type="password" name="user[password]" /><br/>
    Do you agree to our terms?
    <input type="checkbox" name="user[agree]" /><br/>
    Subscribe to our newsletter?
    <input type="checkbox" name="user[newsletter]" value="1" checked="checked" /><br/>
    Select pricing plan:
    <select name="plan">
        <option value="1">Free</option>
        <option value="2" selected="selected">Paid</option>
    </select>
    <input type="submit" name="submitButton" value="Submit" />
</form>

You could write the following to submit it:

<?php
$I->submitForm(
    '#userForm',
    [
        'user' => [
            'login' => 'Davert',
            'password' => '123456',
            'agree' => true
        ]
    ],
    'submitButton'
);

Note that “2” will be the submitted value for the “plan” field, as it is the selected option.

To uncheck the pre-checked checkbox “newsletter”, call $I->uncheckOption(['name' => 'user[newsletter]']); before, then submit the form as shown here (i.e. without the “newsletter” field in the $params array).

You can also emulate a JavaScript submission by not specifying any buttons in the third parameter to submitForm.

<?php
$I->submitForm(
    '#userForm',
    [
        'user' => [
            'login' => 'Davert',
            'password' => '123456',
            'agree' => true
        ]
    ]
);

This function works well when paired with seeInFormFields() for quickly testing CRUD interfaces and form validation logic.

<?php
$form = [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'field2' => 'another value',
     'checkbox1' => true,
     // ...
];
$I->submitForm('#my-form', $form, 'submitButton');
// $I->amOnPage('/path/to/form-page') may be needed
$I->seeInFormFields('#my-form', $form);

Parameter values can be set to arrays for multiple input fields of the same name, or multi-select combo boxes. For checkboxes, you can use either the string value or boolean true/false which will be replaced by the checkbox’s value in the DOM.

<?php
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'checkbox' => [
         'value of first checkbox',
         'value of second checkbox',
     ],
     'otherCheckboxes' => [
         true,
         false,
         false
     ],
     'multiselect' => [
         'first option value',
         'second option value'
     ]
]);

Mixing string and boolean values for a checkbox’s value is not supported and may produce unexpected results.

Field names ending in [] must be passed without the trailing square bracket characters, and must contain an array for its value. This allows submitting multiple values with the same name, consider:

<?php
// This will NOT work correctly
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
    'field[]' => 'value',
    'field[]' => 'another value',  // 'field[]' is already a defined key
]);

The solution is to pass an array value:

<?php
// This way both values are submitted
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
    'field' => [
        'value',
        'another value',
    ]
]);

switchToIframe

  • param string $name
  • return void

Switch to iframe or frame on the page.

Example:

<iframe name="another_frame" src="http://example.com">
<?php
# switch to iframe
$I->switchToIframe("another_frame");

uncheckOption

  • param $option
  • return void

Unticks a checkbox.

<?php
$I->uncheckOption('#notify');

 

Module reference is taken from the source code. Help us to improve documentation. Edit module reference
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