AngularJS

Module for AngularJS testing, based on WebDriver module and Protractor.

Performs synchronization to ensure that page content is fully rendered. Uses Angular’s and Protractor internals methods to synchronize with the page.

Configuration

The same as for WebDriver, but few new options added:

  • el - element where Angular application is defined (default: body)
  • script_timeout - for how long in seconds to wait for angular operations to finish (default: 5)

Example (acceptance.suite.yml)

modules:
   enabled:
      - AngularJS:
         url: 'http://localhost/'
         browser: firefox
         script_timeout: 10

Additional Features

Can perform matching elements by model. In this case you should provide a strict locator with model set.

Example:

$I->selectOption(['model' => 'customerId'], '3');

Actions

_backupSession

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Returns current WebDriver session for saving

  • return RemoteWebDriver

_capabilities

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Change capabilities of WebDriver. Should be executed before starting a new browser session. This method expects a function to be passed which returns array or WebDriver Desired Capabilities object. Additional Chrome options (like adding extensions) can be passed as well.

<?php // in helper
public function _before(TestInterface $test)
{
    $this->getModule('WebDriver')->_capabilities(function($currentCapabilities) {
        // or new \Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\DesiredCapabilities();
        return \Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\DesiredCapabilities::firefox();
    });
}

to make this work load \Helper\Acceptance before WebDriver in acceptance.suite.yml:

modules:
    enabled:
        - \Helper\Acceptance
        - WebDriver

For instance, BrowserStack cloud service may require a test name to be set in capabilities. This is how it can be done via _capabilities method from Helper\Acceptance:

<?php // inside Helper\Acceptance
public function _before(TestInterface $test)
{
     $name = $test->getMetadata()->getName();
     $this->getModule('WebDriver')->_capabilities(function($currentCapabilities) use ($name) {
         $currentCapabilities['name'] = $name;
         return $currentCapabilities;
     });
}

In this case, please ensure that \Helper\Acceptance is loaded before WebDriver so new capabilities could be applied.

  • param \Closure $capabilityFunction

_closeSession

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Manually closes current WebDriver session.

<?php
$this->getModule('WebDriver')->_closeSession();

// close a specific session
$webDriver = $this->getModule('WebDriver')->webDriver;
$this->getModule('WebDriver')->_closeSession($webDriver);
  • param $webDriver (optional) a specific webdriver session instance

_findClickable

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Locates a clickable element.

Use it in Helpers or GroupObject or Extension classes:

<?php
$module = $this->getModule('WebDriver');
$page = $module->webDriver;

// search a link or button on a page
$el = $module->_findClickable($page, 'Click Me');

// search a link or button within an element
$topBar = $module->_findElements('.top-bar')[0];
$el = $module->_findClickable($topBar, 'Click Me');
  • param $page WebDriver instance or an element to search within
  • param $link a link text or locator to click
  • return WebDriverElement

_findElements

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Locates element using available Codeception locator types:

  • XPath
  • CSS
  • Strict Locator

Use it in Helpers or GroupObject or Extension classes:

<?php
$els = $this->getModule('AngularJS')->_findElements('.items');
$els = $this->getModule('AngularJS')->_findElements(['name' => 'username']);

$editLinks = $this->getModule('AngularJS')->_findElements(['link' => 'Edit']);
// now you can iterate over $editLinks and check that all them have valid hrefs

WebDriver module returns Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\RemoteWebElement instances PhpBrowser and Framework modules return Symfony\Component\DomCrawler\Crawler instances

  • param $locator
  • return array of interactive elements

_getCurrentUri

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Uri of currently opened page.

  • return string @throws ModuleException

_getUrl

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Returns URL of a host.

@throws ModuleConfigException

_initializeSession

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Manually starts a new browser session.

<?php
$this->getModule('WebDriver')->_initializeSession();

_loadSession

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Loads current RemoteWebDriver instance as a session

  • param RemoteWebDriver $session

_restart

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Restarts a web browser. Can be used with _reconfigure to open browser with different configuration

<?php
// inside a Helper
$this->getModule('WebDriver')->_restart(); // just restart
$this->getModule('WebDriver')->_restart(['browser' => $browser]); // reconfigure + restart
  • param array $config

_savePageSource

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Saves HTML source of a page to a file

  • param $filename

_saveScreenshot

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Saves screenshot of current page to a file

$this->getModule('AngularJS')->_saveScreenshot(codecept_output_dir().'screenshot_1.png');
  • param $filename

acceptPopup

Accepts the active JavaScript native popup window, as created by window.alert|window.confirm|window.prompt. Don’t confuse popups with modal windows, as created by various libraries.

amInsideAngularApp

Enables Angular mode (enabled by default). Waits for Angular to finish rendering after each action.

amOnPage

Opens the page for the given relative URI.

<?php
// opens front page
$I->amOnPage('/');
// opens /register page
$I->amOnPage('/register');
  • param string $page

amOnSubdomain

Changes the subdomain for the ‘url’ configuration parameter. Does not open a page; use amOnPage for that.

<?php
// If config is: 'http://mysite.com'
// or config is: 'http://www.mysite.com'
// or config is: 'http://company.mysite.com'

$I->amOnSubdomain('user');
$I->amOnPage('/');
// moves to http://user.mysite.com/
?>
  • param $subdomain

amOnUrl

Open web page at the given absolute URL and sets its hostname as the base host.

<?php
$I->amOnUrl('http://codeception.com');
$I->amOnPage('/quickstart'); // moves to http://codeception.com/quickstart
?>

amOutsideAngularApp

Disabled Angular mode.

Falls back to original WebDriver, in case web page does not contain Angular app.

appendField

Append the given text to the given element. Can also add a selection to a select box.

<?php
$I->appendField('#mySelectbox', 'SelectValue');
$I->appendField('#myTextField', 'appended');
?>
  • param string $field
  • param string $value @throws \Codeception\Exception\ElementNotFound

attachFile

Attaches a file relative to the Codeception _data directory to the given file upload field.

<?php
// file is stored in 'tests/_data/prices.xls'
$I->attachFile('input[@type="file"]', 'prices.xls');
?>
  • param $field
  • param $filename

cancelPopup

Dismisses the active JavaScript popup, as created by window.alert, window.confirm, or window.prompt.

checkOption

Ticks a checkbox. For radio buttons, use the selectOption method instead.

<?php
$I->checkOption('#agree');
?>
  • param $option

click

Perform a click on a link or a button, given by a locator. If a fuzzy locator is given, the page will be searched for a button, link, or image matching the locator string. For buttons, the “value” attribute, “name” attribute, and inner text are searched. For links, the link text is searched. For images, the “alt” attribute and inner text of any parent links are searched.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

Note that if the locator matches a button of type submit, the form will be submitted.

<?php
// simple link
$I->click('Logout');
// button of form
$I->click('Submit');
// CSS button
$I->click('#form input[type=submit]');
// XPath
$I->click('//form/*[@type=submit]');
// link in context
$I->click('Logout', '#nav');
// using strict locator
$I->click(['link' => 'Login']);
?>
  • param $link
  • param $context

clickWithLeftButton

Performs click with the left mouse button on an element. If the first parameter null then the offset is relative to the actual mouse position. If the second and third parameters are given, then the mouse is moved to an offset of the element’s top-left corner. Otherwise, the mouse is moved to the center of the element.

<?php
$I->clickWithLeftButton(['css' => '.checkout']);
$I->clickWithLeftButton(null, 20, 50);
$I->clickWithLeftButton(['css' => '.checkout'], 20, 50);
?>
  • param string $cssOrXPath css or xpath of the web element (body by default).
  • param int $offsetX
  • param int $offsetY

@throws \Codeception\Exception\ElementNotFound

clickWithRightButton

Performs contextual click with the right mouse button on an element. If the first parameter null then the offset is relative to the actual mouse position. If the second and third parameters are given, then the mouse is moved to an offset of the element’s top-left corner. Otherwise, the mouse is moved to the center of the element.

<?php
$I->clickWithRightButton(['css' => '.checkout']);
$I->clickWithRightButton(null, 20, 50);
$I->clickWithRightButton(['css' => '.checkout'], 20, 50);
?>
  • param string $cssOrXPath css or xpath of the web element (body by default).
  • param int $offsetX
  • param int $offsetY

@throws \Codeception\Exception\ElementNotFound

closeTab

Closes current browser tab and switches to previous active tab.

<?php
$I->closeTab();

Can’t be used with PhantomJS

debugWebDriverLogs

Print out latest Selenium Logs in debug mode

  • param TestInterface $test

dontSee

Checks that the current page doesn’t contain the text specified (case insensitive). Give a locator as the second parameter to match a specific region.

<?php
$I->dontSee('Login');                         // I can suppose user is already logged in
$I->dontSee('Sign Up','h1');                  // I can suppose it's not a signup page
$I->dontSee('Sign Up','//body/h1');           // with XPath
$I->dontSee('Sign Up', ['css' => 'body h1']); // with strict CSS locator

Note that the search is done after stripping all HTML tags from the body, so $I->dontSee('strong') will fail on strings like:

  • <p>I am Stronger than thou</p>
  • <script>document.createElement('strong');</script>

But will ignore strings like:

  • <strong>Home</strong>
  • <div class="strong">Home</strong>
  • <!-- strong -->

For checking the raw source code, use seeInSource().

  • param string $text
  • param string $selector optional

dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked

Check that the specified checkbox is unchecked.

<?php
$I->dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user didn't agree to terms
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'); // I suppose user didn't check the first checkbox in form.
?>
  • param $checkbox

dontSeeCookie

Checks that there isn’t a cookie with the given name. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path as array passed in last argument.

  • param $cookie

  • param array $params

dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals

Checks that the current URL doesn’t equal the given string. Unlike dontSeeInCurrentUrl, this only matches the full URL.

<?php
// current url is not root
$I->dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals('/');
?>
  • param string $uri

dontSeeCurrentUrlMatches

Checks that current url doesn’t match the given regular expression.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->dontSeeCurrentUrlMatches('~$/users/(\d+)~');
?>
  • param string $uri

dontSeeElement

Checks that the given element is invisible or not present on the page. You can also specify expected attributes of this element.

<?php
$I->dontSeeElement('.error');
$I->dontSeeElement('//form/input[1]');
$I->dontSeeElement('input', ['name' => 'login']);
$I->dontSeeElement('input', ['value' => '123456']);
?>
  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes

dontSeeElementInDOM

Opposite of seeElementInDOM.

  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes

dontSeeInCurrentUrl

Checks that the current URI doesn’t contain the given string.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInCurrentUrl('/users/');
?>
  • param string $uri

dontSeeInField

Checks that an input field or textarea doesn’t contain the given value. For fuzzy locators, the field is matched by label text, CSS and XPath.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInField('Body','Type your comment here');
$I->dontSeeInField('form textarea[name=body]','Type your comment here');
$I->dontSeeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
$I->dontSeeInField('#searchform input','Search');
$I->dontSeeInField('//form/*[@name=search]','Search');
$I->dontSeeInField(['name' => 'search'], 'Search');
?>
  • param $field
  • param $value

dontSeeInFormFields

Checks if the array of form parameters (name => value) are not set on the form matched with the passed selector.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('form[name=myform]', [
     'input1' => 'non-existent value',
     'input2' => 'other non-existent value',
]);
?>

To check that an element hasn’t been assigned any one of many values, an array can be passed as the value:

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('.form-class', [
     'fieldName' => [
         'This value shouldn\'t be set',
         'And this value shouldn\'t be set',
     ],
]);
?>

Additionally, checkbox values can be checked with a boolean.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('#form-id', [
     'checkbox1' => true,        // fails if checked
     'checkbox2' => false,       // fails if unchecked
]);
?>
  • param $formSelector
  • param $params

dontSeeInPageSource

Checks that the page source doesn’t contain the given string.

  • param $text

dontSeeInSource

Checks that the current page contains the given string in its raw source code.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInSource('<h1>Green eggs &amp; ham</h1>');
  • param $raw

dontSeeInTitle

Checks that the page title does not contain the given string.

  • param $title

Checks that the page doesn’t contain a link with the given string. If the second parameter is given, only links with a matching “href” attribute will be checked.

<?php
$I->dontSeeLink('Logout'); // I suppose user is not logged in
$I->dontSeeLink('Checkout now', '/store/cart.php');
?>
  • param string $text
  • param string $url optional

dontSeeOptionIsSelected

Checks that the given option is not selected.

<?php
$I->dontSeeOptionIsSelected('#form input[name=payment]', 'Visa');
?>
  • param $selector
  • param $optionText

doubleClick

Performs a double-click on an element matched by CSS or XPath.

  • param $cssOrXPath @throws \Codeception\Exception\ElementNotFound

dragAndDrop

Performs a simple mouse drag-and-drop operation.

<?php
$I->dragAndDrop('#drag', '#drop');
?>
  • param string $source (CSS ID or XPath)
  • param string $target (CSS ID or XPath)

executeInSelenium

Low-level API method. If Codeception commands are not enough, this allows you to use Selenium WebDriver methods directly:

$I->executeInSelenium(function(\Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\RemoteWebDriver $webdriver) {
  $webdriver->get('http://google.com');
});

This runs in the context of the RemoteWebDriver class. Try not to use this command on a regular basis. If Codeception lacks a feature you need, please implement it and submit a patch.

  • param callable $function

executeJS

Executes custom JavaScript.

This example uses jQuery to get a value and assigns that value to a PHP variable:

<?php
$myVar = $I->executeJS('return $("#myField").val()');
?>
  • param $script

fillField

Fills a text field or textarea with the given string.

<?php
$I->fillField("//input[@type='text']", "Hello World!");
$I->fillField(['name' => 'email'], 'jon@mail.com');
?>
  • param $field
  • param $value

grabAttributeFrom

Grabs the value of the given attribute value from the given element. Fails if element is not found.

<?php
$I->grabAttributeFrom('#tooltip', 'title');
?>
  • param $cssOrXpath
  • param $attribute

grabCookie

Grabs a cookie value. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path in array passed as last argument.

  • param $cookie

  • param array $params

grabFromCurrentUrl

Executes the given regular expression against the current URI and returns the first capturing group. If no parameters are provided, the full URI is returned.

<?php
$user_id = $I->grabFromCurrentUrl('~$/user/(\d+)/~');
$uri = $I->grabFromCurrentUrl();
?>
  • param string $uri optional

grabMultiple

Grabs either the text content, or attribute values, of nodes matched by $cssOrXpath and returns them as an array.

<a href="#first">First</a>
<a href="#second">Second</a>
<a href="#third">Third</a>
<?php
// would return ['First', 'Second', 'Third']
$aLinkText = $I->grabMultiple('a');

// would return ['#first', '#second', '#third']
$aLinks = $I->grabMultiple('a', 'href');
?>
  • param $cssOrXpath
  • param $attribute
  • return string[]

grabPageSource

Grabs current page source code.

@throws ModuleException if no page was opened.

  • return string Current page source code.

grabTextFrom

Finds and returns the text contents of the given element. If a fuzzy locator is used, the element is found using CSS, XPath, and by matching the full page source by regular expression.

<?php
$heading = $I->grabTextFrom('h1');
$heading = $I->grabTextFrom('descendant-or-self::h1');
$value = $I->grabTextFrom('~<input value=(.*?)]~sgi'); // match with a regex
?>
  • param $cssOrXPathOrRegex

grabValueFrom

Finds the value for the given form field. If a fuzzy locator is used, the field is found by field name, CSS, and XPath.

<?php
$name = $I->grabValueFrom('Name');
$name = $I->grabValueFrom('input[name=username]');
$name = $I->grabValueFrom('descendant-or-self::form/descendant::input[@name = 'username']');
$name = $I->grabValueFrom(['name' => 'username']);
?>
  • param $field

loadSessionSnapshot

  • param string $name
  • return bool

makeScreenshot

Takes a screenshot of the current window and saves it to tests/_output/debug.

<?php
$I->amOnPage('/user/edit');
$I->makeScreenshot('edit_page');
// saved to: tests/_output/debug/edit_page.png
$I->makeScreenshot();
// saved to: tests/_output/debug/2017-05-26_14-24-11_4b3403665fea6.png
  • param $name

maximizeWindow

Maximizes the current window.

moveBack

Moves back in history.

moveForward

Moves forward in history.

moveMouseOver

Move mouse over the first element matched by the given locator. If the first parameter null then the page is used. If the second and third parameters are given, then the mouse is moved to an offset of the element’s top-left corner. Otherwise, the mouse is moved to the center of the element.

<?php
$I->moveMouseOver(['css' => '.checkout']);
$I->moveMouseOver(null, 20, 50);
$I->moveMouseOver(['css' => '.checkout'], 20, 50);
?>
  • param string $cssOrXPath css or xpath of the web element
  • param int $offsetX
  • param int $offsetY

@throws \Codeception\Exception\ElementNotFound

openNewTab

Opens a new browser tab (wherever it is possible) and switches to it.

<?php
$I->openNewTab();

Tab is opened by using window.open javascript in a browser. Please note, that adblock can restrict creating such tabs.

Can’t be used with PhantomJS

pauseExecution

Pauses test execution in debug mode. To proceed test press “ENTER” in console.

This method is useful while writing tests, since it allows you to inspect the current page in the middle of a test case.

performOn

Waits for element and runs a sequence of actions inside its context. Actions can be defined with array, callback, or Codeception\Util\ActionSequence instance.

Actions as array are recommended for simple to combine “waitForElement” with assertions; waitForElement($el) and see('text', $el) can be simplified to:

<?php
$I->performOn($el, ['see' => 'text']);

List of actions can be pragmatically build using Codeception\Util\ActionSequence:

<?php
$I->performOn('.model', ActionSequence::build()
    ->see('Warning')
    ->see('Are you sure you want to delete this?')
    ->click('Yes')
);

Actions executed from array or ActionSequence will print debug output for actions, and adds an action name to exception on failure.

Whenever you need to define more actions a callback can be used. A WebDriver module is passed for argument:

<?php
$I->performOn('.rememberMe', function (WebDriver $I) {
     $I->see('Remember me next time');
     $I->seeElement('#LoginForm_rememberMe');
     $I->dontSee('Login');
});

In 3rd argument you can set number a seconds to wait for element to appear

  • param $element
  • param $actions
  • param int $timeout

pressKey

Presses the given key on the given element. To specify a character and modifier (e.g. ctrl, alt, shift, meta), pass an array for $char with the modifier as the first element and the character as the second. For special keys use key constants from WebDriverKeys class.

<?php
// <input id="page" value="old" />
$I->pressKey('#page','a'); // => olda
$I->pressKey('#page',array('ctrl','a'),'new'); //=> new
$I->pressKey('#page',array('shift','111'),'1','x'); //=> old!!!1x
$I->pressKey('descendant-or-self::*[@id='page']','u'); //=> oldu
$I->pressKey('#name', array('ctrl', 'a'), \Facebook\WebDriver\WebDriverKeys::DELETE); //=>''
?>
  • param $element
  • param $char string|array Can be char or array with modifier. You can provide several chars. @throws \Codeception\Exception\ElementNotFound

reloadPage

Reloads the current page.

resetCookie

Unsets cookie with the given name. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path in array passed as last argument.

  • param $cookie

  • param array $params

resizeWindow

Resize the current window.

<?php
$I->resizeWindow(800, 600);
  • param int $width
  • param int $height

saveSessionSnapshot

  • param string $name

scrollTo

Move to the middle of the given element matched by the given locator. Extra shift, calculated from the top-left corner of the element, can be set by passing $offsetX and $offsetY parameters.

<?php
$I->scrollTo(['css' => '.checkout'], 20, 50);
?>
  • param $selector
  • param int $offsetX
  • param int $offsetY

see

Checks that the current page contains the given string (case insensitive).

You can specify a specific HTML element (via CSS or XPath) as the second parameter to only search within that element.

<?php
$I->see('Logout');                        // I can suppose user is logged in
$I->see('Sign Up', 'h1');                 // I can suppose it's a signup page
$I->see('Sign Up', '//body/h1');          // with XPath
$I->see('Sign Up', ['css' => 'body h1']); // with strict CSS locator

Note that the search is done after stripping all HTML tags from the body, so $I->see('strong') will return true for strings like:

  • <p>I am Stronger than thou</p>
  • <script>document.createElement('strong');</script>

But will not be true for strings like:

  • <strong>Home</strong>
  • <div class="strong">Home</strong>
  • <!-- strong -->

For checking the raw source code, use seeInSource().

  • param string $text
  • param string $selector optional

seeCheckboxIsChecked

Checks that the specified checkbox is checked.

<?php
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user agreed to terms
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'); // I suppose user agreed to terms, If there is only one checkbox in form.
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('//form/input[@type=checkbox and @name=agree]');
?>
  • param $checkbox

seeCookie

Checks that a cookie with the given name is set. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path as array passed in last argument.

<?php
$I->seeCookie('PHPSESSID');
?>
  • param $cookie
  • param array $params

seeCurrentUrlEquals

Checks that the current URL is equal to the given string. Unlike seeInCurrentUrl, this only matches the full URL.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->seeCurrentUrlEquals('/');
?>
  • param string $uri

seeCurrentUrlMatches

Checks that the current URL matches the given regular expression.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->seeCurrentUrlMatches('~$/users/(\d+)~');
?>
  • param string $uri

seeElement

Checks that the given element exists on the page and is visible. You can also specify expected attributes of this element.

<?php
$I->seeElement('.error');
$I->seeElement('//form/input[1]');
$I->seeElement('input', ['name' => 'login']);
$I->seeElement('input', ['value' => '123456']);

// strict locator in first arg, attributes in second
$I->seeElement(['css' => 'form input'], ['name' => 'login']);
?>
  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes @return

seeElementInDOM

Checks that the given element exists on the page, even it is invisible.

<?php
$I->seeElementInDOM('//form/input[type=hidden]');
?>
  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes

seeInCurrentUrl

Checks that current URI contains the given string.

<?php
// to match: /home/dashboard
$I->seeInCurrentUrl('home');
// to match: /users/1
$I->seeInCurrentUrl('/users/');
?>
  • param string $uri

seeInField

Checks that the given input field or textarea equals (i.e. not just contains) the given value. Fields are matched by label text, the “name” attribute, CSS, or XPath.

<?php
$I->seeInField('Body','Type your comment here');
$I->seeInField('form textarea[name=body]','Type your comment here');
$I->seeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
$I->seeInField('#searchform input','Search');
$I->seeInField('//form/*[@name=search]','Search');
$I->seeInField(['name' => 'search'], 'Search');
?>
  • param $field
  • param $value

seeInFormFields

Checks if the array of form parameters (name => value) are set on the form matched with the passed selector.

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('form[name=myform]', [
     'input1' => 'value',
     'input2' => 'other value',
]);
?>

For multi-select elements, or to check values of multiple elements with the same name, an array may be passed:

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('.form-class', [
     'multiselect' => [
         'value1',
         'value2',
     ],
     'checkbox[]' => [
         'a checked value',
         'another checked value',
     ],
]);
?>

Additionally, checkbox values can be checked with a boolean.

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('#form-id', [
     'checkbox1' => true,        // passes if checked
     'checkbox2' => false,       // passes if unchecked
]);
?>

Pair this with submitForm for quick testing magic.

<?php
$form = [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'field2' => 'another value',
     'checkbox1' => true,
     // ...
];
$I->submitForm('//form[@id=my-form]', $form, 'submitButton');
// $I->amOnPage('/path/to/form-page') may be needed
$I->seeInFormFields('//form[@id=my-form]', $form);
?>
  • param $formSelector
  • param $params

seeInPageSource

Checks that the page source contains the given string.

<?php
$I->seeInPageSource('<link rel="apple-touch-icon"');
  • param $text

seeInPopup

Checks that the active JavaScript popup, as created by window.alert|window.confirm|window.prompt, contains the given string.

  • param $text

@throws \Codeception\Exception\ModuleException

seeInSource

Checks that the current page contains the given string in its raw source code.

<?php
$I->seeInSource('<h1>Green eggs &amp; ham</h1>');
  • param $raw

seeInTitle

Checks that the page title contains the given string.

<?php
$I->seeInTitle('Blog - Post #1');
?>
  • param $title

Checks that there’s a link with the specified text. Give a full URL as the second parameter to match links with that exact URL.

<?php
$I->seeLink('Logout'); // matches <a href="#">Logout</a>
$I->seeLink('Logout','/logout'); // matches <a href="/logout">Logout</a>
?>
  • param string $text
  • param string $url optional

seeNumberOfElements

Checks that there are a certain number of elements matched by the given locator on the page.

<?php
$I->seeNumberOfElements('tr', 10);
$I->seeNumberOfElements('tr', [0,10]); // between 0 and 10 elements
?>
  • param $selector
  • param mixed $expected int or int[]

seeNumberOfElementsInDOM

not documented

seeOptionIsSelected

Checks that the given option is selected.

<?php
$I->seeOptionIsSelected('#form input[name=payment]', 'Visa');
?>
  • param $selector
  • param $optionText

selectOption

Selects an option in a select tag or in radio button group.

<?php
$I->selectOption('form select[name=account]', 'Premium');
$I->selectOption('form input[name=payment]', 'Monthly');
$I->selectOption('//form/select[@name=account]', 'Monthly');
?>

Provide an array for the second argument to select multiple options:

<?php
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('Windows','Linux'));
?>

Or provide an associative array for the second argument to specifically define which selection method should be used:

<?php
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('text' => 'Windows')); // Only search by text 'Windows'
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('value' => 'windows')); // Only search by value 'windows'
?>
  • param $select
  • param $option

setCookie

Sets a cookie with the given name and value. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path, expires, secure in array passed as last argument.

<?php
$I->setCookie('PHPSESSID', 'el4ukv0kqbvoirg7nkp4dncpk3');
?>
  • param $name
  • param $val
  • param array $params

submitForm

Submits the given form on the page, optionally with the given form values. Give the form fields values as an array. Note that hidden fields can’t be accessed.

Skipped fields will be filled by their values from the page. You don’t need to click the ‘Submit’ button afterwards. This command itself triggers the request to form’s action.

You can optionally specify what button’s value to include in the request with the last parameter as an alternative to explicitly setting its value in the second parameter, as button values are not otherwise included in the request.

Examples:

<?php
$I->submitForm('#login', [
    'login' => 'davert',
    'password' => '123456'
]);
// or
$I->submitForm('#login', [
    'login' => 'davert',
    'password' => '123456'
], 'submitButtonName');

For example, given this sample “Sign Up” form:

<form action="/sign_up">
    Login:
    <input type="text" name="user[login]" /><br/>
    Password:
    <input type="password" name="user[password]" /><br/>
    Do you agree to our terms?
    <input type="checkbox" name="user[agree]" /><br/>
    Select pricing plan:
    <select name="plan">
        <option value="1">Free</option>
        <option value="2" selected="selected">Paid</option>
    </select>
    <input type="submit" name="submitButton" value="Submit" />
</form>

You could write the following to submit it:

<?php
$I->submitForm(
    '#userForm',
    [
        'user[login]' => 'Davert',
        'user[password]' => '123456',
        'user[agree]' => true
    ],
    'submitButton'
);

Note that “2” will be the submitted value for the “plan” field, as it is the selected option.

Also note that this differs from PhpBrowser, in that

'user' => [ 'login' => 'Davert' ]

is not supported at the moment. Named array keys must be included in the name as above.

Pair this with seeInFormFields for quick testing magic.

<?php
$form = [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'field2' => 'another value',
     'checkbox1' => true,
     // ...
];
$I->submitForm('//form[@id=my-form]', $form, 'submitButton');
// $I->amOnPage('/path/to/form-page') may be needed
$I->seeInFormFields('//form[@id=my-form]', $form);
?>

Parameter values must be set to arrays for multiple input fields of the same name, or multi-select combo boxes. For checkboxes, either the string value can be used, or boolean values which will be replaced by the checkbox’s value in the DOM.

<?php
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'checkbox' => [
         'value of first checkbox',
         'value of second checkbox,
     ],
     'otherCheckboxes' => [
         true,
         false,
         false
     ],
     'multiselect' => [
         'first option value',
         'second option value'
     ]
]);
?>

Mixing string and boolean values for a checkbox’s value is not supported and may produce unexpected results.

Field names ending in “[]” must be passed without the trailing square bracket characters, and must contain an array for its value. This allows submitting multiple values with the same name, consider:

$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
    'field[]' => 'value',
    'field[]' => 'another value', // 'field[]' is already a defined key
]);

The solution is to pass an array value:

// this way both values are submitted
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
    'field' => [
        'value',
        'another value',
    ]
]);

The $button parameter can be either a string, an array or an instance of Facebook\WebDriver\WebDriverBy. When it is a string, the button will be found by its “name” attribute. If $button is an array then it will be treated as a strict selector and a WebDriverBy will be used verbatim.

For example, given the following HTML:

<input type="submit" name="submitButton" value="Submit" />

$button could be any one of the following:

  • ‘submitButton’
  • [‘name’ => ‘submitButton’]
  • WebDriverBy::name(‘submitButton’)

  • param $selector
  • param $params
  • param $button

switchToIFrame

Switch to another frame on the page.

Example:

<iframe name="another_frame" src="http://example.com">
<?php
# switch to iframe
$I->switchToIFrame("another_frame");
# switch to parent page
$I->switchToIFrame();
  • param string|null $name

switchToNextTab

Switches to next browser tab. An offset can be specified.

<?php
// switch to next tab
$I->switchToNextTab();
// switch to 2nd next tab
$I->switchToNextTab(2);

Can’t be used with PhantomJS

  • param int $offset 1

switchToPreviousTab

Switches to previous browser tab. An offset can be specified.

<?php
// switch to previous tab
$I->switchToPreviousTab();
// switch to 2nd previous tab
$I->switchToPreviousTab(2);

Can’t be used with PhantomJS

  • param int $offset 1

switchToWindow

Switch to another window identified by name.

The window can only be identified by name. If the $name parameter is blank, the parent window will be used.

Example:

<input type="button" value="Open window" onclick="window.open('http://example.com', 'another_window')">
<?php
$I->click("Open window");
# switch to another window
$I->switchToWindow("another_window");
# switch to parent window
$I->switchToWindow();
?>

If the window has no name, match it by switching to next active tab using switchToNextTab method.

Or use native Selenium functions to get access to all opened windows:

<?php
$I->executeInSelenium(function (\Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\RemoteWebDriver $webdriver) {
     $handles=$webdriver->getWindowHandles();
     $last_window = end($handles);
     $webdriver->switchTo()->window($last_window);
});
?>
  • param string|null $name

typeInPopup

Enters text into a native JavaScript prompt popup, as created by window.prompt.

  • param $keys

@throws \Codeception\Exception\ModuleException

uncheckOption

Unticks a checkbox.

<?php
$I->uncheckOption('#notify');
?>
  • param $option

unselectOption

Unselect an option in the given select box.

  • param $select
  • param $option

wait

Wait for $timeout seconds.

  • param int|float $timeout secs @throws \Codeception\Exception\TestRuntimeException

waitForElement

Waits up to $timeout seconds for an element to appear on the page. If the element doesn’t appear, a timeout exception is thrown.

<?php
$I->waitForElement('#agree_button', 30); // secs
$I->click('#agree_button');
?>
  • param $element
  • param int $timeout seconds @throws \Exception

waitForElementChange

Waits up to $timeout seconds for the given element to change. Element “change” is determined by a callback function which is called repeatedly until the return value evaluates to true.

<?php
use \Facebook\WebDriver\WebDriverElement
$I->waitForElementChange('#menu', function(WebDriverElement $el) {
    return $el->isDisplayed();
}, 100);
?>
  • param $element
  • param \Closure $callback
  • param int $timeout seconds @throws \Codeception\Exception\ElementNotFound

waitForElementNotVisible

Waits up to $timeout seconds for the given element to become invisible. If element stays visible, a timeout exception is thrown.

<?php
$I->waitForElementNotVisible('#agree_button', 30); // secs
?>
  • param $element
  • param int $timeout seconds @throws \Exception

waitForElementVisible

Waits up to $timeout seconds for the given element to be visible on the page. If element doesn’t appear, a timeout exception is thrown.

<?php
$I->waitForElementVisible('#agree_button', 30); // secs
$I->click('#agree_button');
?>
  • param $element
  • param int $timeout seconds @throws \Exception

waitForJS

Executes JavaScript and waits up to $timeout seconds for it to return true.

In this example we will wait up to 60 seconds for all jQuery AJAX requests to finish.

<?php
$I->waitForJS("return $.active == 0;", 60);
?>
  • param string $script
  • param int $timeout seconds

waitForText

Waits up to $timeout seconds for the given string to appear on the page.

Can also be passed a selector to search in, be as specific as possible when using selectors. waitForText() will only watch the first instance of the matching selector / text provided. If the given text doesn’t appear, a timeout exception is thrown.

<?php
$I->waitForText('foo', 30); // secs
$I->waitForText('foo', 30, '.title'); // secs
?>
  • param string $text
  • param int $timeout seconds
  • param string $selector optional @throws \Exception

 

Module reference is taken from the source code. Help us to improve documentation. Edit module reference
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